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Puno:

ALTITUDE

puno-plazaCapital: 3827 m (Puno).

Minimum: 820 masl (Lanlacuni Low).

Maximum: 4725 masl (San Antonio de Squillace).

WEATHER

The city of Puno lies on the shores of Lake Titicaca and its climate is cold and dry. The rainy season begins in October and ends in April. The annual average maximum temperature is 14 ° C (58 ° F) and the minimum is 3 ° C (37 ° F).

ACCESS ROUTES

By land: Lima-Arequipa-Juliaca-Puno: 1324 km (18 hours by car).

Air: Regular flights to Juliaca from Lima (1 hour 45 minutes, with a stopover in Arequipa) and from Arequipa (25 minutes).

Train: Cusco - Puno: 384 km (10 hours).

Lake Titicaca

puno-lago-titi-cacawithin 10 blocks of the main square.

This lake is very important in Andean mythology since, according to legend, its waters emerged Manco Capac and Mama Occlo, children of the sun god and founders of the Inca Empire. Peru and Bolivia share sovereignty over this navigable lake, the highest in the world (3810 meters).

It has an area of 8559 km2, a maximum depth of 283 meters and the average temperature of the water varies from October to May between 9 ° C (48 ° F) and 11 ° C (52 ° F); June to September between -7 ° C (19 ° F) and -10 ° C (14 ° F). The lake is, also, tempers the area, because without him there would be no life at this point.

On the Peruvian side of Lake Titicaca there are several islands, among them amantani, , Taquile, Soto and Anapia (natural islands) and the Uros (artificial islands), each with different attractions. On the shores of Lake reed grows, where different birds and fish as carachis, ispis, bogas, umantos, suches(endangered), mackerel and trout; All these species are native and prized for their high nutritional value.

Uros Floating Islands

puno-urosA 5 km west of the port of Puno (20 minutes by boat). The Uros Islands (3810 m) are located in the Bay of Puno and are approximately 20. Each is inhabited by about 3-10 families uroaymaras, who build their houses and roofs with reed mats, Although there are some that have replaced their traditional roofs by metal. The main islands include Tupiri, Santa María, Tribuna, Toranipata, Chumi, Paraíso, Kapi, Titino, Tinajero y Negrone.

The Uros call themselves kotsuña, "Lake people", and its origins date back to times before the Incas.

Maintain the tradition of artisanal fisheries, especially carachi and silversides, and the hunting of wild birds. The men are expert drivers reed boats and women are expert weavers.

The cold, dry climate characteristic of the region in the area is attenuated by the action of the masses of water constantly evaporating.

Amantani Island

amantaniA 36 km northeast of the port of Puno (3 hours and 30 minutes by boat).

Located 3817 meters, Amantaní has an area of about 9 km2. The flora is characterized by the presence of bushes as muña, kantuta, salvia, tola y patamuña. In eight communities inhabiting the island are devoted to potatoes, corn, oca, quinua, Beans and peas and more representative craft consists of the textiles and stone carvings. Among its natural attractions are two viewpoints at the top, from where you can see the lake in its entirety, and some pre-Hispanic ruins, ceremonial centers and a cemetery of mummies.

Taquile Island

A 35 km east of the port of Puno (3 hours by boat).

Its length is approximately 6 km2 and altitude between the port and the town varies slightly, From 3810 m to 3950 m. The maximum temperature is 23 º C (66 º F) and a minimum of 7 º C (37 º F).

The remains of the island date back to pre-Inca times and can be seen in the upper. During colonial times until the early twentieth century, the place was used as a political prison, But after 1970 the island became property of the Taquile.

Taquile is characterized by its friendly people, who maintain their customs, traditions and dress the old fashioned way. They distinguish themselves by their detailed and fine textiles with symmetrical decorations and symbols, strong colors, that reflect your lifestyle, their customs and Andean beliefs.

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